Intelligent building market is flourishing with the development of real estate market, but it has not been depressed because of the adjustment of real estate market. It has been flourishing for nearly ten years, which shows that this market should be timely, geographical, and human advantages. From the macro development of this industry, we can also see that in the 21st century, the information age is great. Under the environment, the intellectualization of buildings will be popular. This is the inevitable development trend of history, irreversible.
When it comes to intelligent buildings, some people say that modern ice-cold buildings are connected to the line. That is: modern architecture + building data = intelligent building. So, what is intelligent building? Using system integration technology to achieve interconnection?
Under the new normal of urban and economic development, with the rapid development of new technologies such as cloud computing and Internet of Things, architecture opens the transition from intelligence to wisdom. Farewell to the cold monotonous building itself, the future intelligent building will have the basic life characteristics of perception, interaction, self-adaptation and self-growth, and then building, human, environment interconnection, building online perception and interaction, people and buildings have intimate connections, building into intelligent life, touch people. We have all-round needs.
Intelligent Building = System Integration?
"Intelligent Architectural Design Standards" defines: "Building as a platform, with building equipment, office automation and communication network system. Set structure, system, service, management and their optimal combination, to provide people with a safe, efficient, comfortable and convenient building environment."
People spend more than 70% of their time in buildings all day, and the current construction industry is still wrapped in cold and monotonous clothes, always in an offline state, far behind the modern data age. In addition to meeting the basic space needs, people began to exhibit the individualized needs of building identification, perception, interaction and so on. The trend of integration of software and hardware in intelligent building is foreshadowing the future development direction of intelligent building.
Intelligent building includes BA building automation system, OA office automation system, CA communication automation system and SA security automation system. However, in order to make the subsystems coordinate and interoperable, a centralized management and coordination system is needed, so that the subsystems can be integrated organically to form an automatic control network of buildings.
Intelligent building = Remote control?
What effect can intelligent buildings achieve? Is it simply possible to remotely control the environment and facilities in the building? The answer is obviously not. Intelligent buildings not only can be operated remotely, but also can save energy and reduce emissions, meet the requirements of various users for different environmental functions, provide modern means of communication and office conditions, and create a safe and healthy office environment.
This is mainly achieved through BA system. Taking a modern building as an example, the energy consumption of air conditioning and lighting system is very large, accounting for about 70% of the total energy consumption of the building. Under the premise of satisfying the environmental requirements of users, intelligent buildings can use their "wisdom" to adjust indoor temperature and humidity by using natural climate as far as possible, so as to minimize energy consumption. It's amazing to be able to distinguish between "working" and "non-working" hours, and to reduce indoor illumination and temperature and humidity control standards in some areas; to lower illumination and temperature and humidity after work, or to stop lighting and air conditioning systems.
It can meet the requirements of various users for different environmental functions.
Old-fashioned buildings complete their architectural and structural design according to the function requirements given beforehand. It is difficult to replace their use functions. Intelligent building allows users to quickly and conveniently change the use function or redesign the area through the setting of BA, OA and CA systems. The communication and power supply necessary for the office is also highly flexible.
Providing modern means of communication and office conditions
This is mainly achieved through OA and CA. In intelligent building, users can get the latest information of global financial and business situation, scientific and technological information and various database systems in time by means of international telephone, e-mail, videoconferencing, information retrieval and other means.
Creating a Safe and Healthy Office Environment
This is mainly achieved through BA system. Nowadays, the central air-conditioning system of some buildings does not meet the hygienic requirements and often becomes the vector of infectious diseases. The air conditioning system of the intelligent building can monitor the content of harmful pollutants in the air and disinfect automatically. FA and SA provide a safe and reliable office environment for the building. Therefore, intelligent building is also known as a "safe and healthy building". We have also reported the central air conditioning energy-saving control system developed by Nanjing Dongchuang Energy Conservation Company, which provides intelligent operation for air conditioning energy-saving in unmanned periods.
Intelligent Building = All Things Intelligent?
However, in the process of development, intelligent building also encounters many practical problems: the research on intelligent building is not enough in our country, and there are shortcomings in the construction personnel and construction technology of intelligent building. The development direction of intelligent building is universal intelligence. However, the practical problems and solutions of supporting facilities have become obstacles to the development of intelligent building.
In the development of intelligent buildings, more and more problems will be encountered, such as how to determine the intelligent degree of intelligent buildings, how to determine the construction tasks of intelligent buildings according to the reality, how to make the construction personnel and property personnel services of intelligent buildings standardized training and other issues to be solved urgently. The development of intelligent buildings in China is still in progress. There is still a long way to go.